1. Why twice in one book? The 144,000 (again)
Recall…the 144,000 – a people who follow the Lamb “whithersoever He goeth” - were introduced earlier in Revelation. In that chapter, we saw several facts, which we can summarize:
• Such a procession earlier followed the judgments upon "Egypt" in this context (Revelation 6 imagery), though in historical time and space, God sealed His people throughout their trials.
• The people so numbered were not the ONLY sum of the “saved” throughout history. The 144,000 was used metaphorically since the text explains that an unnumbered multitude were represented there in heaven as redeemed.
• The people are arranged in Military procession as in Exodus and Numbers. In the earlier chapter they are metaphorically leaving Egypt and entering the Wilderness (Chapter 12 of Revelation).
• In this context, they are now “entering” the land of promise in order to both give a good report of the land and take the land. The land is that as promised in Scripture: “The meek shall inherit the earth” (Matt. 5:5; Psalm 37:11).
• They, as “12 Tribes”, represent “Israel” (Romans 11:24; Galatians 6: 16) and they are arranged tribe by tribe by strategic units of 12,000
• Recall that the Law of God notes the use of the 12,000 man “special forces” (a unit of specially experienced men like Green Berets, Navy Seals, etc.), first defined in the Law of God. These kinds of military “specialists” are certainly defined elsewhere.